1 — Gymnastics, ATT American Cup, Greensboro, N.C.
1 — Auto racing, NASCAR Nationwide Series 200, Avondale, Ariz.
1 — Ice hockey, NHL Stadium Series: Pittsburgh at Chicago, Soldier Field.
1-2 — Women’s skiing, World Cup alpine, downhill, super combined, Crans-Montana, Switzerland.
1-2 — Men’s skiing, World Cup alpine, downhill, Super G, Kvitjell, Norway.
1-2 — Freestyle skiing, World Cup, moguls, dual moguls, Inawashiro, Japan.
1-2 — Cross-country skiing, World Cup, Lahti, Finland.
1-2 — Ski jumping, Men’s World Cup, Lahti, Finland.
1-2 — Ski jumping, Women’s World Cup, Rasnov, Romania.
1-7 — Bowling, WBT/PBA, Bahrain Open, Oman, Bahrain.
2 — Running, Lake Biwa Mainichi Marathon, Otsu-City, Japan.
2 — Auto racing, NASCAR Sprint Cup, Subway Fresh Fit 500, Avondale, Ariz.
4 — Ski jumping, Men’s World Cup, Kuopio, Finland.
4-9 — Badminton, All England Championships, Birmingham.
5 — Cross-country skiing, World Cup, Drammen, Norway.
5 — Ice hockey, NHL trade deadline, 3 p.m., EST.
5-6 — Snowboarding, World Cup, slopestyle, Kreischberg, Austria.
5-8 — College skiing, men’s and women’s NCAA championships, Park City and Midway, Utah.
5-8 — Men’s and women’s college swimming and diving, NAIA Championships, Oklahoma City.
5-16 — Tennis, ATP World Tour/WTA, BNP Paribas Open, Indian Wells, Calif.
6 — Men’s skiing, World Cup nordic combined, Trondheim, Norway.
6-8 — Men’s and women’s track and field, NAIA Indoor Championships, Geneva, Ohio.
6-9 — Biathlon, World Cup, Pokljuka, Slovenia.
6-9 — Men’s golf, PGA Tour, Puerto Rico Open, Rio Grande.
6-9 — Men’s golf, WGC-Cadillac Championship, Miami.
7 — Ski jumping, Men’s World Cup, Trondheim, Norway.
7 — Freestyle skiing, World Cup, ski cross, Arosa, Switzerland.
7-8 — College wrestling, NAIA Championships, Topeka, Kan.
7-8 — Women’s skiing, World Cup alpine, giant slalom, slalom, Are, Sweden.
7-9 — Athletics, IC4A Indoor, Boston.
7-9 — Athletics, IAAF Indoor, World Championships, Sopot, Poland.
7-9 — Speedskating, World Cup, Inzell, Germany.
8 — Freestyle skiing, World Cup, dual moguls, Are, Sweden.
8 — Men’s skiing, World Cup nordic combined, Oslo, Norway.
8 — Auto racing, NASCAR Nationwide, Boyd Gaming 300, Las Vegas.
8-9 — Men’s skiing, World Cup alpine, giant slalom, slalom, Kranjska Gora, Slovenia.
8-9 — Snowboarding, World Cup, snowboardcross, La Molina, Spain.
8-9 — Ski jumping, Women’s World Cup, Oslo, Norway.
8-9 — Cross-country skiing, World Cup, Oslo, Norway.
9 — Running, Los Angeles Marathon.
9 — Running, Nagoya (Japan) Women’s Marathon.
9 — Auto racing, NASCAR Sprint Cup, Kobalt 400, Las Vegas.
9-16 — Cycling, UCI WorldTour, Paris-Nice, France.
10-14 — Bowling, WBT/PBA, Kuwait Open, Kuwait City, Kuwait.
12-15 — Men’s and women’s college swimming and diving, NCAA Division II championships, Geneva, Ohio.
12-16 — Biathlon, U.S. Nationals, Jericho, Vt.
12-16 — Men’s and women’s skiing, World Cup alpine, downhill, Super G, team, giant slalom, slalom, Lenzerheide, Switzerland.
12-18 — Men’s college basketball NAIA Division II Championships, Point Lookout, Mo.
12-18 — Women’s college basketball NAIA Division II Championships, Sioux City, Iowa.
12-18 — Cycling, UCI WorldTour, Tirreno-Adriatico, Italy.
13-16 — Biathlon, World Cup, Kontiolahti, Finland.
13-16 — Auto racing, NHRA, Gatornationals, Gainesville, Fla.
13-16 — Men’s golf, European PGA, Hassan II Golf Trophy, Agadir, Morocco.
13-16 — Men’s golf, PGA Tour, Valspar Championship, Palm Harbor, Fla.
14-15 — College rifle, men’s and women’s NCAA championships, Murray, Ky.
14-15 — College wrestling, NCAA Division II championships, Cleveland.
14-15 — College wrestling, NCAA Division III championships, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
14-15 — Men’s and women’s college track, NCAA Division I Indoor championships, Albuquerque, N.M.
14-15 — Men’s and women’s college track, NCAA Division II Indoor championships, Winston-Salem, N.C.
14-15 — Men’s and women’s college track, NCAA Division III Indoor championships, Lincoln, Neb.
14-16 — Diving, FINA World Series, Beijing.
14-16 — Cross-country skiing, World Cup Finals, Falun, Sweden.
14-16 — Speedskating, World Cup Final, Heerenveen, Netherlands.
14-16 — Short Track Speedskating, World Championships, Montreal.
14-16 — Men’s golf, PGA Champions, Toshiba Classic, Newport Beach, Calif.
15 — Auto racing, United SportsCar Series, Twelve Hours of Sebring, Fla.
15 — Auto racing, NASCAR Nationwide, Jeff Foxworthy’s Grit Chips 300, Bristol, Tenn.
15-16 — Men’s skiing, World Cup nordic combined, Falun, Sweden.
15-16 — Ski jumping, Women’s World Cup, Falun, Sweden.
15-16 — Freestyle skiing, World Cup, ski cross, Are, Sweden.
15-16 — Freestyle skiing, World Cup, moguls, dual moguls, Voss-Myrkdalen, Norway.
15-23 — Curling, Women’s World Championships, St. John, New Brunswick, Canada.
15-23 — Bowling, WBT/PBA, Brunswick Euro Challenge, Munich.
16 — Auto Racing, F1, Australian Grand Prix, Melbourne.
16 — Auto racing, NASCAR Sprint Cup, Food City 500, Bristol, Tenn.
16 — Men’s college basketball, NCAA Division I tournament and NIT pairings announced.
16 — Running, Barcelona Marathon.
16 — Running, Seoul (South Korea) Marathon.
17 — Women’s college basketball, NCAA Division I tournament and NIT pairings announced.
18 — Men’s college basketball, NCAA Division I basketball tournament opening round, Dayton, Ohio.
18 — Men’s college basketball, NIT opening round, various campus sites.
18-30 — Tennis, ATP World Tour/WTA, Sony Open, Key Biscayne, Fla.
19-22 — Men’s and women’s college swimming and diving, NCAA Division III championships, Indianapolis.
19-25 — Men’s college basketball, NAIA Division I Championships, Kansas City, Mo.
19-25 — Women’s college basketball, NAIA Division I Championships, Frankfurt, Ky.
20-22 — Women’s college swimming and diving, NCAA Division I championships, Minneapolis.
20-22 — College wrestling, NCAA Division I championships, Oklahoma City.
20-22 — Diving, FINA World Series, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
20-23 — Men’s and women’s fencing, NCAA championships, Columbus, Ohio.
20-23 — Biathlon, World Cup, Oslo-Holmenkollen, Norway.
20-23 — Men’s golf, PGA Tour, Arnold Palmer Invitational, Orlando, Fla.
20-23 — Men’s golf, European PGA, TBD.
20-23 — Women’s golf, LPGA Tour, Founders Cup, Phoenix.
20-24 — Men’s and women’s skiing, U.S. Alpine Championships, Squaw Valley, Calif.
21 — Freestyle skiing, World Cup, dual moguls, La Plagne, France.
21-23 — Men’s golf, PGA Champions, Mississippi Gulf Resort Classic, Biloxi, Miss.
21-23 — Ski jumping, Men’s and Women’s World Cup, Planica, Slovenia.
21-23 — Speedskating, World All-Around Championships, Heerenveen, Netherlands.
22 — Freestyle skiing, World Cup, slopestyle, Switzerland.
22 — Men’s college basketball, NCAA Division III championship game, Salem, Va.
22 — Women’s college basketball, NCAA Division III championship game, TBD.
22 — Women’s college ice hockey, NCAA Division III championship game, TBD.
22 — Men’s college ice hockey, NCAA Division III championship game, Lewiston, Maine.
22 — Athletics, IAAF World Challenge, Melbourne (Australia) Track Classic.
22 — Women’s college basketball, NCAA Division I basketball tournament starts, various sites.
22 — Auto racing, NASCAR Nationwide, NNS 300, Fontana, Calif.
22-23 — Major League Baseball, Los Angeles Dodgers vs. Arizona, Sydney.
23 — Auto racing, NASCAR Sprint Cup, Auto Club 400, Fontana, Calif.
23 — Motorcycle, MotoGP, Doha, Qatar.
23 — Freestyle skiing, World Cup, ski cross, La Plagne, France.
23 — Women’s college ice hockey, NCAA Division I championship game, Hamden, Conn.
23 — Running, Rome Marathon.
23 — Cycling, UCI WorldTour, Milan-San Remo, Italy.
24-30 — Figure Skating, World Championships, Saitama, Japan.
24-30 — Cycling, UCI WorldTour, Volta of Catalunya, Spain.
27-29 — Men’s college swimming and diving, NCAA Division I championships, Austin, Texas.
27-30 — Men’s and women’s skiing, U.S. Freestyle Championships, South Lake Tahoe, Calif.
27-30 — Women’s golf, LPGA Tour, Kia Classic, Carlsbad, Calif.
27-30 — Men’s golf, PGA Tour, Valero Texas Open, San Antonio.
28 — Women’s college basketball, NCAA Division II championship game, Erie, Pa.
28 — Cycling, UCI WorldTour, Vlaanderen-Harelbeke, Belgium.
28-30 — Men’s golf, European PGA, EURASIA Cup, Kuala Lumpur.
28-30 — Auto racing, NHRA, SummitRacing.com Nationals, Las Vegas.
29 — Auto racing, NASCAR Trucks, Kroger 250, Martinsville, Va.
29 — Men’s college basketball, NCAA Division II championship game, Evansville, Ind.
29 — Horse racing, Dubai World Cup, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
29 — Running, IAAF World Half Marathon, Championships, Copenhagen, Denmark.
29-April 6 — Curling, Men’s World Championships, Beijing.
30 — Auto racing, NASCAR Sprint Cup, STP Gas Booster 300, Martinsville, Va.
30 — Auto racing, IndyCar, Honda Grand Prix of St. Petersburg, Fla.
30 — Auto Racing, F1, Malaysian Grand Prix, Kuala Lumpur.
30 — Cycling, UCI WorldTour, Gent-Wevelgem, Belgium.
30 — Major League Baseball, opening day. Active rosters reduced to 25 players.
31-April 6 — Tennis, WTA, Family Circle Cup, Charleston, S.C.
31-April 6 — Tennis, WTA, Abierto Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico.
1 — Men’s college basketball, NIT semifinals, New York.
1-6 — Bowling, PBA, Tournament of Champions, Indianapolis.
3 — Men’s college basketball, NIT championship game, New York.
3-6 — Women’s golf, LPGA Tour, Kraft Nabisco Championship, Rancho Mirage, Calif.
3-6 — Men’s golf, European PGA, TBD.
3-6 — Men’s golf, PGA Tour, Shell Houston Open, Humble, Texas.
4 — Auto racing, NASCAR Nationwide, O’Reilly Auto Parts 300, Forth Worth, Texas.
4-5 — Figure Skating, World Synchronized Championships, Courmayeur, Italy.
4-6 — Tennis, ATP World Tour, Davis Cup quarterfinals, various sites.
5 — Men’s college basketball, NCAA Division I semifinals, Arlington, Texas.
5 — Horse racing, Grand National Steeplechase, Liverpool, England.
6 — Cycling, UCI WorldTour, Tour of Flanders, Belgium.
6 — Bowling, PBA, League Finals, Indianapolis.
6 — Auto racing, NASCAR Sprint Cup, NRA 500, Fort Worth, Texas.
6 — Auto Racing, F1, Bahrain Grand Prix, Sakhir.
6 — Women’s college basketball, NCAA Division I championship semifinals, Nashville, Tenn.
6 — Running, Paris Marathon.
6-12 — Ice Hockey, IIHF Women’s World Championships, Prerov, Czech Republic.
7 — Men’s college basketball, NCAA Division I championship game, Arlington, Texas.
7-12 — Cycling, UCI WorldTour, Vuelta al Pais Vasco, Spain.
7-13 — Tennis, ATP World Tour, U.S. Men’s Clay Court Championships, Houston.
7-13 — Tennis, ATP World Tour, Grand Prix Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco.
7-13 — Tennis, WTA, BNP Paribas Katowice Open, Poland.
7-13 — Tennis, WTA, Copa Claro Colsanitas, Bogota, Colombia.
8 — Women’s college basketball, NCAA Division I championship game, Nashville, Tenn.
8-12 — Synchronized Swimming, U.S. National Championships, Oro Valley, Ariz.
10 — Men’s college ice hockey, NCAA Division I championship semifinals, Philadelphia.
10-12 — Women’s college bowling, NCAA championships, Cleveland.
10-13 — Men’s golf, Masters Tournament, Augusta, Ga.
11 — Auto racing, NASCAR Nationwide, Nationwide Series 200, Darlington, S.C.
11-12 — Men’s college gymnastics, NCAA championships, Ann Arbor, Mich.
11-13 — Auto racing, NHRA, 4Wide Nationals, Concord, N.C.
12 — Auto racing, United SportsCar Series, Long Beach (Calif.) Grand Prix.
12 — Auto racing, NASCAR Sprint Cup, Bojangles’ Southern 500, Darlington, S.C.
12 — Men’s college ice hockey, NCAA Division I championship game, Philadelphia.
13 — Running, Rotterdam (Netherlands) Marathon.
13 — Running, Vienna City (Austria) Marathon.
13 — Running, London Marathon.
13 — Auto racing, IndyCar, Toyota Grand Prix of Long Beach, Calif.
13 — Motorcycle, MotoGP, Austin, Texas.
13 — Cycling, UCI WorldTour, Paris-Roubaix, France.
13 — Ice hockey, Last day of NHL regular season.
13-20 — Tennis, ATP World Tour, Monte-Carlo Rolex Masters, Monaco.
14-20 — Tennis, WTA, BMW Malaysian Open, Kuala Lumpur.
16 — Ice hockey, NHL Stanley Cup Playoffs begin.
16 — Pro Basketball, NBA regular season ends.
16-19 — Women’s golf, LPGA Tour, Lotte Championship, Kapolei, Hawaii.
16-19 — Pro Basketball, Portsmouth (Va.) Invitational Tournament.
17-19 — Athletics, Mt. Sac Relays, Walnut, Calif.
17-20 — Men’s golf, PGA Tour, RBC Heritage, Hilton Head, S.C.
17-20 — Men’s golf, European PGA, Malaysian Open, Kuala Lumpur.
18-20 — Women’s college gymnastics, NCAA championships, Birmingham, Ala.
18-20 — Men’s golf, PGA Champions, Greater Gwinnett Championship, Duluth, Ga.
19 — Pro Basketball, NBA Playoffs begin.
19-20 — Tennis, ITF, Fed Cup semifinals, various sites.
20 — Cycling, UCI WorldTour, Amstel Gold Race, Netherlands.
20 — Auto Racing, F1, Chinese Grand Prix, Shanghai.
21 — Running, Boston Marathon.
21-27 — Tennis, ATP World Tour, Barcelona (Spain) Open Banc Sabadell.
21-27 — Tennis, ATP World Tour, BRD Nastase Tiriac Trophy, Bucharest, Romania.
21-27 — Tennis, WTA, Porsche Grand Prix, Stuttgart, Germany.
21-27 — Tennis, WTA, Grand Prix de SAR La Princesse Lalla Meryem, Marrakech, Morocco.
23 — Cycling, UCI WorldTour, La Fleche Wallonne, Belgium.
23-27 — Athletics, Drake Relays, Des Moines, Iowa.
24-26 — Athletics, Penn Relays, Philadelphia.
24-27 — Equestrian, Rolex Three-Day Event, Lexington, Ky.
24-27 — Men’s golf, European PGA, Volvo China Open, Shenzhen.
24-27 — Women’s golf, LPGA Tour, Swinging Skirts Classic, San Francisco.
24-27 — Men’s golf, PGA Tour, Zurich Classic of New Orleans, Avondale, La.
25 — Auto racing, NASCAR Nationwide, ToyotaCare 250, Richmond, Va.
25-27 — Auto racing, NHRA, Spring Nationals, Houston.
25-27 — Diving, FINA World Series, London.
26 — Auto racing, IndyCar, Honda Indy Grand Prix of Alabama, Birmingham, Ala.
26 — Auto racing, NASCAR Sprint Cup, Toyota Owners 400, Richmond, Va.
27 — Motorcycle, MotoGP, Termas de Rio Hondo, Argentina.
27 — Running, Madrid (Spain) Marathon.
27 — Men’s college volleyball, NCAA Division III championship game, Huntingdon, Pa.
27 — Pro Basketball, NBA Draft early entry eligibility deadline.
27 — Cycling, UCI WorldTour, Liege-Bastogne-Liege, Belgium.
28-May 4 — Tennis, ATP World Tour/WTA, Portugal Open, Oeiras.
28-May 4 — Tennis, ATP World Tour, BMW Open, Munich.
28-May 5 — Table Tennis, World Team Championships, Tokyo.
29-May 4 — Cycling, UCI WorldTour, Tour de Romandie, Switzerland.
Article source: http://www.kansascity.com/2013/12/10/4684285/undated-add-2014-sports-calendar.html
December 7th, 2013 Posted 6:27 am
Editor’s note: Share your stories, memories and photographs of the Nobel Peace prize winner and former South African president.
(CNN) — Within minutes of the news of his death, the backlash started.
In the comments section of his CNN.com obituary, on Twitter feeds, in blog posts.
Nelson Mandela shouldn’t be revered as a civil rights icon, the statements screamed: He should be exposed for what he is: A communist. A terrorist. A racist.
To be sure, Mandela can’t be neatly grouped with Mahatma Gandhi or Martin Luther King, Jr. Unlike them, he wasn’t always the pacifist he was known for in his later life.
But should that be grounds for such bile-spewing vitriol?
1990: Mandela reflects on freedom, future
1990: Mandela’s fight for equality
In Mandela’s own words
Mourners gather outside former South African President Nelson Mandela’s Johannesburg home on Friday, December 6. Mandela, the revered statesman who emerged from prison to lead South Africa out of its dark days of apartheid, died on Thursday, December 5. He was 95.
A woman prays at the Central Methodist Church as people remember Mandela on December 6 in CapeTown, South Africa.
British Prime Minister David Cameron signs the book of condolence at the South African Embassy in central London following the announcement of Mandela’s death.
A group of mourners sing and dance outside Mandela’s Johannesburg home on December 6.
A woman cleans up outside the South African Embassy in Beijing where portraits of Mandela and flowers offered by people are placed on December 6.
Members of the public lay tributes to Mandela in London outside South Africa House near Trafalgar Square on December 6.
A man looks at a wreath of flowers and a picture of Mandela displayed inside the embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia, on December 6.
U.S. Vice President Joe Biden pays a silent tribute to Mandela before his speech at Yonsei University in Seoul, South Korea, on December 6.
A man wearing a T-shirt with a portrait of Mandela leads a group of mourners as they sing and dance outside Mandela’s Johannesburg home on December 6.
South Africans hold pictures of former South African president Nelson Mandela as they pay tribute following his death in Johannesburg on Friday, December 6.
The South African flag is flown at half-staff at the Union Buildings on December 6 in Pretoria, South Africa.
A news channel display in Sydney on December 6 shows a message following Mandela’s death.
A small crowd gathers in front of a statue of Nelson Mandela at Parliament Square in London, on December 6.
A man lights a candle for Nelson Mandela outside the South African High Commission in London, on December 6.
A bunch of yellow roses is left as tribute to Mandela outside the South African embassy in Berlin, Germany, on December 6.
Australian and English cricket fans in Adelaide, Australia, observe a minute of silence December 6, to mark the passing of Nelson Mandela.
A woman cries outside Mandela’s house in Johannesburg after Mandela’s death on December 5.
South Africans sing as they pay tribute to Mandela in Johannesburg on December 5.
U.S. President Barack Obama pauses as he speaks about Mandela in the briefing room of the White House on Thursday, December 5. Obama said he was one of the “countless millions” who drew inspirations from Mandela’s life.
The marquee at New York’s Apollo Theater honors Mandela on December 5.
An artist who goes by the name Franco the Great stands beneath a Mandela mural that he painted in New York’s Harlem neighborhood more than 15 years ago. He later added Obama to the mural.
Keaton Anderson, 10, poses for a photograph while he and his father visit Mandela’s statue at the South African Embassy in Washington on December 5. The statue is under renovation.
South Africans pay tribute to Mandela in Johannesburg following his death December 5.
A candlelight vigil is held December 5 outside Mandela’s Johannesburg home.
People light a candle for Mandela outside his home in Johannesburg on December 5.
Photos: World reacts to Mandela’s death
We take a look at the three most common sentiments in these online accusations and put them in context.
Nelson Mandela was a communist
What they’re saying:
“Before you go all wet and runny over Mandela, remember he was a communist, and he never changed his views.”
“So Nelson Mandela was a communist who supported Saddam Hussein and befriended Gadaffi apparently….”
What’s the basis:
Mandela was branded a communist by the white apartheid government, which made it a crime to be one. And it was a label the United States was all too content to accept.
The Cold War between the United States and the Russian Soviet Union was in full swing. The Soviets had constructed the Berlin Wall just months before, and the world was dividing up into opposing camps — allies of the United States or allies of the Soviet Union and China.
This included many African nations.
South Africa’s government came down on the side of the West — and communist or not, Mandela was squarely on the other side.
What’s the truth:
Mandela’s close association with Marxists goes back at least to the 1940s, when he was enrolled in law school.
He began a life-long friendship with Joe Slovo, “an ardent communist,” the anti-apartheid icon wrote in his autobiography “Long Walk to Freedom.”
Mandela described Slovo as of the people, “without whom I would have accomplished very little.”
A watershed moment tightly bonded Mandela to Slovo and other communist allies.
Police gunned down 69 unarmed protesters in the town of Sharpville in March 1960. Then the government banned the communist party and the African National Congress, which fought for the freedom of black South Africans.
With Slovo and other Marxists, he co-founded the militia movement Umkhonto we Sizwe. It’s meaning: “Spear of the Nation.”
On December 16, 1961, the group carried out its first attacks on government installations and handed out leaflets announcing its existence.
But was Mandela a dyed-in-the-wool communist?
Not really, believes South African historian Sampie Terreblanche.
“You must understand it all against the apartheid struggle.”
Mandela found the ANC too tame and had begun to push for a violent struggle in the 1940s, when he headed its youth league, the former professor of economics at Stellenbosch University said. The communists were for the use of violence, and Terreblanche believes it led to the alliance.
After his release from prison, Mandela made some high-profile appearances with communist leaders. He visited Fidel Castro in Cuba.
And to commemorate the relaunch of South Africa’s communist party in 1990, he gave a speech.
But he also made a point of distancing his own party. “The ANC is not a communist Party,” he said.
Nelson Mandela was a terrorist
What they’re saying:
“It’s amazing we forget he was a terrorist”
“Please explain how it is racist to point out that biographical articles about Mandela are leaving out his terrorist actions pre-1991.”
What’s the basis:
The United States government placed Mandela on a terror watch list, where he stayed until 2008 — long after his term as President of South Africa, and even longer after his receiving the Nobel Peace Prize.
He was placed on it because of his group’s militant fight against apartheid.
At the time that Umkhonto we Sizwe carried out its first attacks, Mandela was at its helm.
The next year, in 1962, he left for Morocco and Ethiopia, where he secretly studied guerrilla warfare.
When Mandela returned home later that year, he was arrested and charged with illegal exit of the country and incitement to strike.
Undeterred, Umkhonto we Sizwe built a militia and in 1963 made plans to start a civil war.
Police intercepted the plan and arrested Mandela and other ANC leaders. Mandela received a sentence of life in prison.
What’s the truth:
It’s true that Mandela once believed that civil disobedience was not enough to vanquish racism and apartheid. He felt he had to decide between the better of two evils — submit or fight.
He may not have been directly behind the attacks, said Hermann Giliomee, a historian from South Africa. “He was on the run, so I don’t think he had time for the planning on this.”
Giliomee finds the 1963 plan amateurish, not exactly the design of a master terrorist. “I think it’s a very naïve plan with very little outlook for success,” the former professor of political science at the University of Cape Town said.
Mandela changed his views on violence during his 27 years of incarceration.
The rebel transformed into a pacifist.
“As I walked out the door toward the gate that would lead to my freedom, I knew if I didn’t leave my bitterness and hatred behind, I’d still be in prison,” Mandela said after he was freed.
Nelson Mandela was a racist
What they’re saying:
“How convenient that we choose to ignore that he once sang, ‘Kill white people’”
“If apartheid was racist toward blacks, Mandela was equally racist towards whites”
What’s the basis:
Umkhonto we Sizwe beat the war drum against the “white supremacy” and “the white state.” Its members often sang a song called “Bring Me My Machine Gun.”
What’s the truth:
Though he despised white minority rule that kept the black majority down, he didn’t dislike whites.
“He was rather strong against racism,” Terreblanche said. “The day before he was sent to Robben Island, he made a speech in parliament that he was against all forms of racism.”
He was prepared to die for non-racialism, the historian said.
Joe Slovo, one of Mandela’s best friends, was white — as were many other revolutionaries who joined him in the militant group.
“Umkhonto we Sizwe is a new, independent body, formed by Africans, It includes in its ranks South Africans of all races,” the group said in its manifesto.
Mandela has long espoused the way of reconciliation and called for there to be no racial violence in retribution for apartheid.
In transitioning from the segregationist regime to a non-racial democracy, he partnered closely with his white predecessor, former President Frederik Willem de Klerk, who shared the Nobel Peace Prize with him.
At a sports match in 1995, as President, Mandela made a gesture of support to white South Africans that drew gasps.
Rugby was the dominant sport of white South Africans of Dutch heritage — Afrikaners — and was reviled by blacks.
During a world championship match against New Zealand, Mandela walked onto the pitch wearing the jersey of his team’s captain. The scene inspired the 2009 Hollywood movie “Invictus” directed by Clint Eastwood.
The crowd began chanting his name. They were almost all white.
Article source: http://www.cnn.com/2013/12/06/world/africa/nelson-mandela-other-side/
November 29th, 2013 Posted 4:47 am
There’s something impossibly charming about a mountain town in winter. Lantern-lit cobblestone streets, glowing cafes filled with friendly locals, and intimate family-run inns warm even the coldest, shortest of days. Add fresh mountain air, high-altitude views, snow sports, and steamy thermal springs, and you just might find yourself falling for winter. But don’t expect crowds: These charming little hamlets are, for now, relatively undiscovered. From Colorado to Japan, here are 10 off-the-beaten-path mountain towns that are especially enchanting during wintertime.
Sandpoint’s Lake Pend Oreille reflects the rugged Selkirk and Cabinet mountains, doubling their visual impact. It’s the perfect backdrop for a small town that’s big on local culture. From wineries and breweries to the arts—Sandpoint is home to major music and film festivals—this little township is a vibrant, happening haven in the wilds of northern Idaho.
What to do: Head to higher altitudes and go skiing at the nearby Schweitzer Mountain Resort, with 59 named trails and 2,500 acres of terrain. Or, when conditions are right, tie up some skates and join in a game of ice hockey on the frozen Lake Pend Oreille.
Where to stay: Talus Rock Retreat is a Tuscan-style, timber-framed lodge that offers water views and has plenty of porches. Though the property is quite large (30 acres), it features just six guest rooms and suites, so it feels quite intimate even when the place is booked.
Want to wake up to the gentle clink of cowbells high in the Swiss Alps? Ride the funicular to a ski resort comprised of two towns: Crans and Montana. This quintessentially Alpine destination offers low-key nightlife, a walkable town center, stunning mountain views, and skiing at altitudes of up to nearly 10,000 feet.
What to do: You’re in Switzerland. So eat some chocolate. Happily, this small resort just happens to be home to a national chocolate champion. Head to David L’Instant Chocolat, the local shop of Swiss Chocolate Masters’ 2013 winner David Pasquiet, where sumptuous Swiss confections—from chocolate-robed nougat to dark chocolate with berries and star anise—are expertly crafted by hand.
Where to stay: We can’t think of a more worthwhile activity in Switzerland than relaxing in a heated outdoor infinity pool with a view of the Alps. (Just the thought has us feeling relaxed.) At LeCrans Hotel Spa, choose between indoor and outdoor pools, and enjoy balconies overlooking pine- and snow-covered peaks, rustic decor, and locally sourced wines in the on-site cellar.
You may not have heard of Fernie, British Columbia, a town located a few hours’ drive from Calgary. The destination’s relatively unsung status (for now) means that less-crowded trails and less-expensive hotel stays and lift tickets await savvy travelers. Plus, the place is downright gorgeous. The historical town center is surrounded by dramatic views of blue and white snowcapped mountain peaks.
What to do: Ski down 2,500 acres of terrain at Fernie Alpine Resort. Or try cat-skiing—essentially riding a heated snow-grooming vehicle to access deep powder and untracked terrain—via a provider such as Island Lake Catskiing.
Where to stay: Fernie’s budget-friendly Red Tree Lodge is as affordable as it is cozy and laid-back; rates start at $119 per night during peak winter season. Thaw out in the on-site sauna and hot tub after a long day on the slopes.
If Paris were a mountain town, it would be Megève. This chic ski resort, founded in the 1920s by Baroness Noémie de Rothschild, was known as the “21st arrondissement de Paris” in its heyday, when it functioned as a glamorous destination for the beau monde. Today, the town maintains a fashionable ambiance with upscale boutiques and Michelin-starred restaurants, but its horse-drawn carriages, cobblestone streets, and medieval architecture are distinctly Old World.
What to do: Sitting in the shadow of Mont Blanc, Megève is an ideal base for winter sporting on the highest mountain in the Alps. Moreover, the town is known for its luxurious spas. The much-loved spa at Les Fermes de Marie, which Conde Nast Traveler calls one of the best in the world, features treatments derived from mountain plants.
Where to stay: Rooms at Les Fermes de Marie are outfitted Swiss-chalet-style, with dark wood, wooly fur blankets, and rustic unworked materials. The surrounding Alpine views and the spa (as we mentioned) are unparalleled.
Escape to cowboy country in gritty Cody, the town founded by the eponymous Buffalo Bill (William F. Cody) himself. This special place is home to authentic emblems of the West: cattle ranches, rugged mountains, and wildlife. But expect some kitsch, too. With tourist-friendly shows, from gun-fight reenactments to rodeos, Cody continues to uphold the spectacular traditions of showman Buffalo Bill.
What to do: In warmer months, Cody is an excellent base for day trips to nearby Yellowstone National Park. During winter, play in the snow at Sleeping Giant Ski Area, dubbed the most affordable ski area in the state.
Where to stay: Buffalo Bill built the landmark Irma Hotel around the turn of the century. The property is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is even rumored to be haunted.
The predominant attraction in this quiet, mysterious village set at the base of Mount Hakusan is its collection of Gassho-style thatched-roof houses, the only buildings of their kind in Japan. The structures were built mostly in the 19th century and have remained intact largely because this hidden little village—now a World Heritage site—has stayed isolated from the rest of society. It’s simply magical.
What to do: Explore. Take pictures. Breathe in the clear, quiet mountain air. According to many travelers, the area is especially picturesque during winter, when it is covered with snow. It’s roughly a 45-minute bus ride from nearby Takayama to Shirakawa-go—an easy and worthwhile day trip.
Where to stay: In nearby Takayama, Oyado Yamakyu, a traditional Japanese inn known as a ryokan, offers an authentic local experience. The property has deep, communal Japanese mineral baths for guest use and customary local meals are served on-site.
Berkeley Springs, W.Va.
For those seeking an American mountain town not centered on downhill skiing, Berkeley Springs (officially named Bath) fits the bill. Say “spaah” in this peaceful resort destination with a bounty of public bathhouses. The warm mineral springs that flow naturally through the area feed the soothing pools and tubs in Berkeley Springs State Park and the many local spas.
What to do: Take a dip in therapeutic mineral waters in the heated Roman baths at Berkeley Springs State Park. You’re in good company: George Washington once bathed here.
Where to stay: A Second Empire-style mansard-roof home, the Victorian Manor Inn guarantees a unique historical experience with its antiques-filled rooms and generous home-cooked breakfasts.
The resort town of Ifrane in Morocco’s Atlas Mountains has, surprisingly, a markedly European appearance. Expect Continental architecture—without arabesque ornamentation—with sloped Alpine roofs and timber-framed houses. Some call the town Morocco’s “Little Switzerland.”
What to do: The town is surrounded by forests of cedar, oak, and pine, with a network of hiking trails, and there are downhill skiing opportunities—a rarity in Morocco—at the small resort of Michlifen.
Where to stay: Michlifen Ifrane Suites Spa is a popular luxury resort in the Atlas Mountains. There’s a lot to do here, with an indoor heated pool, a bowling alley, a sports hall (with volleyball and basketball courts), several restaurants that serve Moroccan and European cuisine, and, naturally, a full-service spa. Guest rooms feature mountain-themed decor, in keeping with the property’s mountain-lodge ambiance.
Discover peaceful small-town charm just 45 minutes from Munich by car (or via a direct rail link) in the lakeside hamlet of Tegernsee. This Bavarian resort town is positioned along the rim of Lake Tegernsee, a shining pool circled by Baroque churches and timeworn houses with red roofs, and is a popular spot for boaters and cyclers in the summer and Alpine skiers during the winter season.
What to do: Visit Tegernsee Abbey, an imposing former Benedictine abbey built in the 8th century. Hop on a toboggan and zoom down the longest natural sledding run in Germany at Wallberg Mountain. (Visitors can ski and snowboard too.) Or relax at lakefront sauna Monte Mare, where you can get toasty in the steamy “sauna ship” moored on Lake Tegernsee—it bobs gently in the water and features panoramic views of the mountain scenery.
Where to stay: Spend the night in a unique historical inn, of course. Der Westerhof Hotel, set almost 600 feet above Lake Tegernsee, provides gorgeous views of the water and surrounding mountains, plus a dash of history. The property, which dates back to the 12th century and was originally home to a monastery, was renovated and reopened as a hotel in 2005.
This gorgeous historical town is set in a box canyon and surrounded by glacier-carved rock in the San Juan Mountains. With a major ice-climbing park, steaming pools of therapeutic hot springs, and the kind of charming Victorian architecture that looks picture-perfect when covered with snow, Ouray makes for an idyllic winter sanctuary.
What to do: Ice-climbing formations and hot springs are two of the main attractions in Ouray. Visit Ouray Ice Park to try your hand at the former, then soak away the winter chill at the Wiesbaden’s natural vapor cave when you need a rest. Another option for soaking tired muscles is the Ouray Hot Springs Pool, open year-round, which is filled with roughly one million gallons of the heated, healing waters that flow through the area.
Where to stay: The Wiesbaden offers accommodations as well as spa services and thermal baths. Spend the night and receive unlimited access to the on-site vapor cave.
READ THE ORIGINAL STORY: 10 picture-perfect mountain towns to see in winter
Article source: http://www.usatoday.com/story/travel/destinations/2013/11/28/mountain-town-winter/3769789/